History Of Bangladesh

History Of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is characterized by a unique coming together of many races, languages and religions. Her heritage is influenced by Jains, Buddhists, Hindus, Vaisnavas and most importantly the Muslims.

Up until the 13th century, Bengal was ruled by several different Hindu and Buddhist kings. When the Mughal emperors from Turkistan came afterwards, they established Islam as the main religion. In the 15th century, Bengal began trading with Europe and by the 18th century, Britain had considerable economic influence over the region. After defeating the Muslim rulers at the battle of Pallasey, Britain officially gained political rule of Bengal in 1757. However by the end of the Second World War, Britain had lost her control and in 1947, India and Pakistan were formed.

Bangladesh at that time was known as East Pakistan; the Muslim dominant regions had been divided into East and West Pakistan, on the two sides of Hindu dominated India. Within a few years, it was obvious that this arrangement was not working out, and rebellion began against the unfair political actions of West Pakistan.

A major part of this rebellion was the Language Movement of 1952 when thousands of students gathered to protest laws making Urdu the only official language throughout Pakistan. Eventually, the call for equality culminated into a call for liberation from West Pakistan.

Elections were held in 1970 that made Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the leader of East Pakistan. However when this result was not honored, Sheikh Mujib officially called for a fight for independence.  On 26th March 1971, Bangladesh was declared an independent country and war broke out. The war ended on December 16th of that year when the Pakistan army surrendered.